The Gospel and the Apostles

Table of Contents

The Gospel and the Apostles:

A - The Synoptic Problem:

B - The Gospel of John:

C - The Apostolic Letters:

Communal Truth:

Appendix - Page 8

The Translation of Matthew

This table gives a detailed account of how the translator of Matthew would have used Mark and the provisionally reconstructed Semitic Matthew as his sources according to the theory proposed in this work. The Gospels have been divided into pericopes based on those in Aland’s Synopsis Quattuor Evangeliorum, and follow its numbering scheme. Some pericopes have been further subdivided (and designated “a” and “b” accordingly). A few pericopes in Mark have been placed in a different location than in the Synopsis to correspond more closely to Matthew’s order, and these pericopes are designated “x”, “y” and “z” accordingly (with the original pericope number in square brackets).

The column for Semitic Matthew lists specifically which verses in each pericope were included in the reconstructed text, all of which were then used in Greek Matthew. Pericopes which are not parallel to Mark are shown in blue and pericopes which are parallel in indigo. The column for Mark shows those pericopes which the translator did use which are not parallel to Semitic Matthew in red and pericopes which are parallel in indigo. Material the translator did not use is grey. The column for Greek Matthew shows pericopes the translator took entirely from Semitic Matthew in blue, pericopes he took entirely from Mark in red, and pericopes where he merged the accounts from both his sources in purple (the intersection of Matthew’s blue with Mark’s red).

The column between Mark and Greek Matthew shows specifically which verses from Mark were used by the translator. Verses in parentheses are verses from a different context in Mark which have a loose parallel with verses in the corresponding pericope in Greek Matthew. Pericopes marked “to” and “from” show passages which have been displaced in Greek Matthew, with the number references representing the pericope designations in the first column.

It is highly probable that some material may have been in a different order in the second half of Semitic Matthew (where the translator follows the order of Mark), but for clarity the order of Greek Matthew is here followed exactly.

PericopePericope Description Mark--->Greek Matthew<--- Semitic Matthew
Birth Narratives
6The Genealogy of Jesus 1:1-171:1-17
7aThe Promise and Birth of Jesus 1:18-251:18-25
9bThe Magi Adore the Infant Jesus 2:1-122:1-12
10The Flight into Egypt and Return 2:13-212:13-21
11The Childhood of Jesus at Nazareth 2:22-232:22-23
1st Discourse - The Sermon on the Mount
13John the Baptist 1:1-61:3-53:1-63:1-3,5-6
14John's Preaching of Repentance 3:7-103:7-10
16John's Messianic Preaching 1:7-81:7-83:11-123:11-12
18The Baptism of Jesus 1:9-111:9-113:13-173:13-17
20aIn the Wilderness 1:12-131:12-134:1-24:1-2
20bThe Temptation 4:3-114:3-11
30The Journey into Galilee 1:141:144:124:12
32Ministry in Galilee 4:13-164:13-16
34The Call of the Disciples 1:15-201:15-204:17-22
40First Preaching Tour in Galilee from 88y1:394:234:23
50Occasion of the Sermon (3:7-8)4:24-5:24:24-5:2
51The Beatitudes 5:3-125:3-12
52The Salt of the Earth (9:49-50)5:135:13
53The Light of the World (4:21)5:14-165:14-16
54On the Law and the Prophets 5:17-205:17-20
55On Murder and Wrath 5:21-265:21-26
56aOn Adultery (9:43)5:27-305:27-30
56bOn Divorce (10:11-12)5:31-325:31-32
57On Oaths 5:33-375:33-37
59On Love of One's Enemies 5:38-485:38-48
60On Almsgiving 6:1-46:1-4
61On Prayer 6:5-66:5-6
62The Lord's Prayer (11:25-26)6:7-156:7-15
63On Fasting 6:16-186:16-18
64On Treasures 6:19-216:19-21
65The Sound Eye 6:22-236:22-23
66On Serving Two Masters 6:246:24
67On Anxiety 6:25-346:25-34
68On Judging (4:24)7:1-57:1-5
69On Profaning the Holy 7:67:6
70God's Answering of Prayer 7:7-117:7-11
71The Golden Rule 7:127:12
72The Two Ways 7:13-147:13-14
73aBy their Fruits 7:15-207:15-20
74Saying Lord Lord 7:21-237:21-23
75The House Built upon the Rock 7:24-277:24-27
76The Effect of the Sermon 1:21-221:227:28-8:17:28;8:1
2nd Discourse - Discipleship
84Cleansing the Leper from 88z1:40-42,448:2-4
85The Centurion of Capernaum 8:5-138:5-13
85x [36]The Healing of the Demoniac 1:23-28
87Healing of Peter's Mother-in-law 1:29-311:29-318:14-15
88The Sick Healed at Evening 1:32-341:32,348:16
88x [39]Jesus Departs from Capernaum 1:35-38
88y [40]First Preaching Tour in Galilee 1:39to 40
88z [42]The Cleansing of the Leper 1:40-45to 84
89On Following Jesus from 1364:358:17-238:17-23
90Stilling the Storm from 1364:36-39,418:24-27
91The Gadarene Demoniacsfrom 137 5:1-2,4,7,11-15,178:28-9:18:28-32;9:1
92The Healing of the Paralytic 2:1-122:1,3,5-129:2-8
93The Call of Levi 2:13-172:14-179:9-139:10-13
94The Question about Fasting 2:18-222:18-229:14-17
95Jairus' Daughter and the Womanfrom 138 5:22-25,27-28,34,38-429:18-269:18-19,23-26
96Two Blind Men (10:46-52)9:27-319:27-31
97The Dumb Demoniac (3:22)9:32-349:32-34
98The Harvest Is Great (6:6,34)9:35-389:35-38
99aThe Choosing of the Twelve from 113x3:13-1910:1-410:1-4
99bCommissioning the Twelve from 1426:7-1110:5-1610:5-16
100The Fate of the Disciples from 289a13:9,11-1310:17-22
101Exhortation to Fearless Confession (4:22;8:38)10:23-3310:23-33
102Divisions within Households 10:34-3610:34-36
103Conditions of Discipleship (8:34-35)10:37-3910:37-39
104Rewards of Discipleship (9:41)10:40-4210:40-42
3rd Discourse - Parables of the Kingdom
105Continuation of Journey 11:111:1
106John the Baptist's Question 11:2-611:2-6
107Jesus' Witness concerning John (1:2)11:7-1911:7-19
108Woes Pronounced on Galilean Cities 11:20-2411:20-24
109Jesus' Thanksgiving to the Father 11:25-2711:25-27
110Come to Me 11:28-3011:28-30
111Plucking Grain on the Sabbath 2:23-282:23-26,2812:1-812:1-7
112Healing the Withered Hand 3:1-63:1-2,4-612:9-1412:9-14
113Jesus Heals Multitudes by the Sea 3:7-123:7,10,1212:15-2112:15,17-21
113x [49]The Choosing of the Twelve 3:13-19to 99a
116Jesus Is Thought to be Beside Himself 3:20-21
117On Collusion with Satan 3:22-273:22-2712:22-3012:22-28,30
118aThe Sin against the Holy Spirit 3:28-303:28-2912:31-3212:31-32
118bGood Treasure 12:33-3712:33-37
119The Sign of Jonah (8:11-12)12:38-4212:38-42
120The Return of the Evil Spirit 12:43-4512:43-45
121Jesus' True Kindred 3:31-353:31-3512:46-50
122The Parable of the Sower 4:1-94:1-913:1-913:1-3
123aThe Reason for Speaking in Parables4:10-12 4:10-12 (;4:25)13:10-1513:10-15
123bThe Blessedness of the Disciples 13:16-1713:16-17
124Interpretation of the Parable of the Sower 4:13-204:14-2013:18-23
125He who has Ears to Hear 4:21-25(to 53,101,68,123a)
126The Parable of the Seed Growing Secretly 4:26-29
127The Parable of the Tares 13:24-3013:24-30
128The Parable of the Mustard Seed 4:30-324:30-3213:31-32
129The Parable of the Leaven 13:3313:33
130Jesus' Use of Parables 4:33-344:33-3413:34-3513:34-35
131Interpretation of the Parable of the Tares 13:36-4313:36-43
132The Parable of the Hidden Treasure 13:44-4613:44-46
133The Parable of the Net 13:47-5013:47-50
134Treasures New and Old 13:51-5313:51-53
136Stilling the Storm 4:35-41to 89,90
137The Gerasene Demoniac 5:1-20to 91
138Jairus' Daughter and the Woman 5:21-43to 95
4th Discourse - The Community
139Jesus is Rejected at Nazareth 6:1-66:1-613:54-58
142Commissioning the Twelve 6:7-13to 99b
143Opinions regarding Jesus 6:14-166:1414:1-2
144aThe Imprisonment of John the Baptist 6:17-206:17-2014:3-5
144bThe Death of John the Baptist 6:21-296:21-2914:6-12
145The Return of the Apostles 6:30-31
146Five Thousand are Fed 6:32-446:32-39,41-4414:13-21
147The Walking on the Water 6:45-536:45-51,5314:22-3414:22-34
148Healings at Gennesaret 6:54-566:54-5614:35-36
150Defilement - Traditional and Real 7:1-237:1,5-2315:1-2015:10-14
151The Syrophoenician Woman 7:24-307:24-3015:21-2815:21-28
152Jesus Heals a Deaf Mute 7:31-377:31-32,35,3715:29-31
153Four Thousand are Fed 8:1-108:1-1015:32-39
154The Pharisees Seek a Sign 8:11-138:11-1316:1-416:1-4
155The Leaven of the Pharisees 8:14-218:14-2116:5-12
156A Blind Man is Healed at Bethsaida 8:22-26
158Peter's Confession 8:27-308:27-3016:13-2016:13-19
159Jesus Foretells His Passion 8:31-338:31-3316:21-2316:21-23
160If Any Man would Come after Me 8:34-9:18:34-9:116:24-28
161The Transfiguration 9:2-109:2-917:1-917:1-3,5-9
162The Coming of Elijah 9:11-139:11-1317:10-13
163Jesus Heals a Boy Possessed 9:14-299:14-15,17-19,22,25-2917:14-21
164Jesus Foretells His Passion again 9:30-329:30-3217:22-23
165Payment of the Temple Tax 17:24-2717:24-27
166True Greatness9:33-37 9:34,36-37 (;10:15)18:1-518:1-5
167The Strange Exorcist 9:38-41(to 104)
168Warnings concerning Temptations 9:42-509:42-4818:6-918:6-7
169The Parable of the Lost Sheep 18:10-1418:10-14
170On Reproving One's Brother 18:15-1818:15-18
171Where Two or Three are Gathered 18:19-2018:19-20
172On Reconciliation 18:21-2218:21-22
173The Parable of the Unforgiving Servant 18:23-3518:23-35
5th Discourse - The Coming of the Son of Man
251Departure to Judea 10:110:119:1-219:1
252On Divorce and Celibacy 10:2-1210:2-1119:3-1219:3-12
253Jesus Blesses the Children 10:13-1610:13-14,1619:13-15
254The Rich Young Man 10:17-2210:17-2219:16-22
255aOn Riches 10:23-2710:23-2719:23-26
255bThe Rewards of Discipleship 10:28-3110:28-3119:27-3019:27-29
256The Parable of the Labourers in Vineyard 20:1-1620:1-16
262The Third Prediction of the Passion 10:32-3410:32-3420:17-19
263aThe Sons of Zebedee 10:35-4010:35-4020:20-23
263bPrecedence among the Disciples 10:41-4510:41-4520:24-28
264The Healing of the Blind Men 10:46-5210:46-49,51-5220:29-34
269The Triumphal Entry 11:1-1011:1-4,7-1021:1-921:1-9
271Jesus in Jerusalem11:11 11:11,15,1721:10-1721:10-11,14-16
272The Cursing of the Fig Tree 11:12-1411:12-1421:18-19
273The Cleansing of the Temple 11:15-17to 271
274The Chief Priests Conspire against Jesus 11:18-19(to 305)
275The Fig Tree Is Withered 11:20-2611:21-2421:20-22
276The Question about Authority 11:27-3311:27-3321:23-27
277The Parable of the Two Sons 21:28-3221:28-32
278The Parable of the Wicked Husbandmen 12:1-1212:1-1221:33-4621:42-45
279The Parable of the Great Supper 22:1-1522:1-15
280On Paying Tribute to Caesar 12:13-1712:13-1722:16-22
281The Question about the Resurrection 12:18-2712:18-2722:23-33
282The Great Commandment 12:28-3412:28-3122:34-4022:35-40
283The Question about David's Son 12:35-3712:35-3722:41-46
284aBeware of the Scribes 12:38-4012:38-4023:1-723:1-7
284bWoe to the Scribes and Pharisees 23:8-3623:8-13,15-36
285Jesus' Lament over Jerusalem 23:37-3923:37-39
286The Widow's Mite 12:41-44
287Prediction of the Destruction of Temple 13:1-213:1-224:1-224:1
288Signs before the End 13:3-813:3-824:3-824:3-5
289aPersecutions Foretold 13:9-13to 100
289bMany Will Fall Away (13:13)24:9-1424:9-12,14
290The Desolating Sacrilege 13:14-2013:14-2024:15-22
291False Christs and False Prophets 13:21-2313:21-2324:23-2824:26-28
292The Coming of the Son of Man 13:24-2713:24-2724:29-3124:29-31
293The Time of the Coming 13:28-3213:28-3224:32-36
294Take Heed Watch 13:33-37(to 298,299,296)
296The Parable of the Flood (13:35)24:37-4424:37-44
297The Parable of the Good Servants 24:45-5124:45-51
298The Parable of the Ten Virgins (13:33)25:1-1325:1-13
299The Parable of the Talents (13:34)25:14-3025:14-30
300The Last Judgement 25:31-4625:31-46
The Passion and Resurrection
305Jesus' Death is Premeditated 14:1-214:1-2 (;11:18-19)26:1-526:1-4
306The Anointing in Bethany 14:3-914:3-926:6-13
307The Betrayal by Judas 14:10-1114:10-1126:14-1626:14-15
308Preparation for the Passover14:12-17 14:12-14,16-1726:17-2026:17,19-20
310Jesus Foretells His Betrayal 14:18-2114:18-2126:21-2526:21,25
311The Last Supper 14:22-2514:22-2526:26-3026:26-28,30
315Peter's Denial Predicted 14:26-3114:26-3126:31-35
330Gethsemane 14:32-4214:32-4226:36-46
331aJesus Arrested14:43-50 14:43-5026:47-5626:47,50-54,56
331bA Young Man Flees 14:51-52
332Jesus before the Sanhedrin14:53-65 14:53-58,60-6526:57-6826:57,63-65,67-68
333aPeter's Denial 14:66-7214:66-7226:69-75
334Jesus Delivered to Pilate 15:115:127:1-227:1-2
335The Death of Judas 27:3-1027:3-10
336The Trial before Pilate 15:2-515:2-527:11-1427:11
339Jesus or Barabbas 15:6-1415:6-1427:15-2327:15-22
341Pilate Delivers Jesus to be Crucified 15:1515:1527:24-2627:24-26
342Jesus Mocked by the Soldiers 15:16-2015:16-2027:27-3127:27-31
343aThe Road to Golgotha 15:2115:2127:32
344The Crucifixion 15:22-2615:22-2627:33-3727:35-37
345Jesus Derided on the Cross 15:27-3115:27-3127:38-4327:39-43
346The Two Thieves 15:3215:3227:44
347The Death of Jesus 15:33-3915:33-3927:45-5427:46,50-54
348Witnesses of the Crucifixion 15:40-4115:40-4127:55-5627:55-56
350The Burial of Jesus15:42-47 15:42-43,45-4727:57-6127:57-61
351The Guard at the Tomb 27:62-6627:62-66
352The Women at the Tomb 16:1-816:1-2,4-828:1-828:1-8
353Jesus Appears to the Women [16:9-11]28:9-1028:9-10
354The Report of the Guard 28:11-1528:11-15
364The Great Commission [16:15-18]28:16-2028:16-20