The Gospel and the Apostles

Table of Contents

The Gospel and the Apostles:

A - The Synoptic Problem:

B - The Gospel of John:

C - The Apostolic Letters:

Communal Truth:

Appendix - Page 6

Mark According to Griesbach

This table gives a detailed account of how Mark would have used Matthew and Luke as his sources according to the Griesbach theory, based on Orchard and Riley’s The Order of the Synoptics: Why Three Synoptic Gospels?. The Gospels have been divided into pericopes based on those in Aland’s Synopsis Quattuor Evangeliorum, and follow its numbering scheme. Some pericopes have been further subdivided (and designated “a” and “b” accordingly). Passages where Mark would have skipped over multiple pericopes in Matthew and Luke are designated in all capitals under the pericope description.

The column for Matthew shows those pericopes which Mark would have used which are not parallel to Luke in blue and pericopes which are parallel in green (regardless of whether Mark would have used Matthew’s or Luke’s version). In Luke’s column, pericopes which Mark would have used which are not parallel to Matthew are yellow and pericopes which are parallel are green (the intersection of Matthew’s blue with Luke’s yellow). Material not included in Mark from either Matthew or Luke is grey. In Mark’s column, pericopes unique to Mark are shown as red, whereas those pericopes he would have taken from Matthew are purple (the intersection of Matthew’s blue with Mark’s red). Those pericopes Mark would have taken from Luke are orange (the intersection of Mark’s red with Luke’s yellow).

The column between Matthew and Mark shows specifically which verses from Matthew would have been used by Mark. Pericope numbers in Matthew’s column in square brackets show where the parallel pericope in Luke is located in the table (when its order is different in relation to Mark). The same conventions are used in the column between Mark and Luke to show the verses Mark would have used from Luke.

PericopePericope Description Matthew--->Mark<---Luke
Initial Galilean Ministry
1-12BIRTH NARRATIVES 1:1-2:231:1-2:52
13John the Baptist3:1-6 (11:10), 3:1-3,5-61:1-6
14-15JOHN'S PREACHING 3:7-103:7-14
16John's Messianic Preaching 3:11-123:111:7-83:15-18
17The Imprisonment of John [144a][144a]3:19-20
18The Baptism of Jesus 3:13-171:9-113:21-223:21-22
19The Genealogy of Jesus 3:23-38
20aIn the Wilderness 4:1-21:12-134:1-24:1-2
20bThe Temptation 4:3-114:3-13
30The Journey into Galilee 4:124:121:144:14
34The Call of the Disciples 4:17-224:17-221:15-20[41]
35Teaching in the Synagogue in Capernaum [76]1:21-224:31-324:31-32
36The Healing of the Demoniac 1:23-284:33-374:33-37
37Healing of Peter's Mother-in-law [87]1:29-314:38-394:38-39
38The Sick Healed at Evening [88]1:32-344:40-414:40-41
39Jesus Departs from Capernaum 1:35-384:42-434:42-43
40First Preaching Tour in Galilee 4:231:394:444:44
41The Miraculous Draught of Fish [34][34]5:1-11
42The Cleansing of the Leper [84]1:40-455:12-165:12-16
43The Healing of the Paralytic [92]2:1-125:17-265:17-26
44The Call of Levi [93]2:13-175:27-325:27-32
45The Question about Fasting [94]2:18-225:33-385:33-39
46Plucking Grain on the Sabbath [111]2:23-286:1-56:1-5
47Healing the Withered Hand [112]3:1-66:6-116:6-11
100The Fate of the Disciples 10:17-22to 289a
113a [48]Jesus Heals Multitudes by the Sea 12:15-2112:15-173:7-12
113b [49]The Choosing of the Twelve [99]3:13-196:12-166:12-16
116Jesus Is Thought to be Beside Himself 3:20-21
117On Collusion with Satan 12:22-3012:24-263:22-27[188]
118aThe Sin against the Holy Spirit 12:31-3212:31-323:28-30[197]
121Jesus' True Kindred 12:46-5012:46-503:31-35[135]
122The Parable of the Sower 13:1-94:1-98:4-88:4-8
123aThe Reason for Speaking in Parables 13:10-154:10-128:9-108:9-10
123bThe Blessedness of the Disciples 13:16-17[181]
124Interpretation of the Parable of the Sower13:18-23 4:13-208:11-158:11-15
125He who has Ears to Hear 4:21-258:16-188:16-18
126The Parable of the Seed Growing Secretly 4:26-29
127The Parable of the Tares 13:24-30
128The Parable of the Mustard Seed 13:31-3213:31-324:30-32[209]
129The Parable of the Leaven 13:33[210]
130Jesus' Use of Parables 13:34-3513:344:33-34
135Jesus' True Kindred [121][121]8:19-21
136Stilling the Storm [89,90]4:35-418:22-258:22-25
137The Gerasene Demoniac [91]5:1-208:26-398:26-39
138Jairus' Daughter and the Woman [95]5:21-438:40-568:40-56
Expanded Galilean Ministry
139Jesus is Rejected at Nazareth 13:54-5813:54-586:1-6[33]
142Commissioning the Twelve [99]6:7-139:1,3-69:1-6
143Opinions regarding Jesus 14:1-26:14-169:7-99:7-9
144aThe Imprisonment of John the Baptist 14:3-514:3-56:17-20[17]
144bThe Death of John the Baptist 14:6-1214:6-126:21-29
145The Return of the Apostles 6:30-319:109:10
146Five Thousand are Fed14:13-21 6:32-449:11-179:11-17
147The Walking on the Water 14:22-3414:22-276:45-53
148Healings at Gennesaret 14:35-3614:35-366:54-56
150Defilement - Traditional and Real 15:1-2015:1-12,16-207:1-23
151The Syrophoenician Woman 15:21-2815:21-22,25-287:24-30
152Jesus Heals a Deaf Mute 15:29-3115:29-317:31-37
153Four Thousand are Fed 15:32-3915:32-398:1-10
154The Pharisees Seek a Sign 16:1-416:1,48:11-13[205]
155The Leaven of the Pharisees 16:5-1216:5-118:14-21[195]
156A Blind Man is Healed at Bethsaida 8:22-26
158Peter's Confession16:13-20 16:13-16,208:27-309:18-21
159Jesus Foretells His Passion 16:21-2316:21-238:31-339:22
160If Any Man would Come after Me16:24-28 16:24-288:34-9:19:23-27
161The Transfiguration17:1-9 17:1-5,8-99:2-109:28-36
162The Coming of Elijah 17:10-1317:10-129:11-13
163Jesus Heals a Boy Possessed17:14-21 17:14-199:14-299:37-42
164Jesus Foretells His Passion again17:22-23 17:22-239:30-329:43-45
165Payment of the Temple Tax 17:24-27
166True Greatness 18:1-518:1-2,59:33-379:46-48
167The Strange Exorcist 9:38-419:49-509:49-50
168Warnings concerning Temptations18:6-9 18:6,8-9 (;5:13)9:42-50[229] (14:34)
169-173THE COMMUNITY 18:10-35
Judean Ministry
174-237THE JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM 9:51-18:14
251Departure to Judea 19:1-219:1-210:1
252On Divorce and Celibacy 19:3-1219:3-6,910:2-12
253Jesus Blesses the Children19:13-15 10:13-1618:15-1718:15-17
254The Rich Young Man19:16-22 19:16-2210:17-2218:18-23
255aOn Riches19:23-26 19:23-2610:23-2718:24-27
255bThe Rewards of Discipleship19:27-30 19:27,29-3010:28-3118:28-30
256The Parable of the Labourers in Vineyard 20:1-16
262The Third Prediction of the Passion20:17-19 20:17-1910:32-3418:31-34
263aThe Sons of Zebedee 20:20-2320:20-2310:35-40
263bPrecedence among the Disciples20:24-28 20:24-2810:41-45[313]
264The Healing of the Blind Men20:29-34 20:29-30,32-3410:46-5218:35-43
269The Triumphal Entry21:1-9 21:1-3,6-911:1-1019:28-40
270Jesus Weeps over Jerusalem 19:41-44
271Jesus in Jerusalem 21:10-1721:10,1711:11[273]
272The Cursing of the Fig Tree 21:18-1921:18-1911:12-14
273The Cleansing of the Temple[271] 11:15-1719:45-4619:45-46
274The Chief Priests Conspire against Jesus 11:18-1919:47-4819:47-48
275The Fig Tree Is Withered 21:20-2221:20-22 (;6:14)11:20-26
276The Question about Authority21:23-27 21:23-2711:27-3320:1-8
277The Parable of the Two Sons 21:28-32
278The Parable of the Wicked Husbandmen21:33-46 21:33-42,4612:1-1220:9-19
279The Parable of the Great Supper 22:1-15[216]
280On Paying Tribute to Caesar22:16-22 22:16-2212:13-1720:20-26
281The Question about the Resurrection22:23-33 22:23-3212:18-2720:27-40
282The Great Commandment22:34-40 22:34-4012:28-34[182]
283The Question about David's Son22:41-46 22:41-4612:35-3720:41-44
284aBeware of the Scribes23:1-7 12:38-4020:45-4720:45-47
284b-285WOES AND LAMENTS 23:8-39
286The Widow's Mite 12:41-4421:1-421:1-4
287Prediction of the Destruction of Temple24:1-2 24:1-213:1-221:5-6
288Signs before the End24:3-8 24:3-813:3-821:7-11
289aPersecutions Foretoldfrom 100 10:17-2213:9-1321:12-19
289bMany Will Fall Away 24:9-14
290The Desolating Sacrilege24:15-22 24:15-2213:14-2021:20-24
291False Christs and False Prophets24:23-28 24:23-2513:21-23[235]
292The Coming of the Son of Man24:29-31 24:29-3113:24-2721:25-28
293The Time of the Coming24:32-36 24:32-3613:28-3221:29-33
294Take Heed Watch13:33-37
295Take Heed to Yourselves 21:34-36
296-300THE COMING OF THE SON OF MAN 24:37-25:46
301The Ministry of Jesus in Jerusalem 21:37-38
The Passion and Resurrection
305Jesus' Death is Premeditated26:1-5 14:1-222:1-222:1-2
306The Anointing in Bethany26:6-13 26:6-1314:3-9[114a]
307The Betrayal by Judas26:14-16 26:14-1614:10-1122:3-6
308Preparation for the Passover26:17-20 26:17-2014:12-1722:7-14
310Jesus Foretells His Betrayal26:21-25 26:21-2414:18-21[312]
311The Last Supper26:26-30 26:26-3014:22-2522:15-20
312-313THE DISCIPLES 22:21-30
315Peter's Denial Predicted26:31-35 26:31-3514:26-3122:31-34
316The Two Swords 22:35-38
330Gethsemane26:36-46 26:36-4614:32-4222:39-46
331aJesus Arrested26:47-56 26:47-51,55-5614:43-5022:47-53
331bA Young Man Flees 14:51-52
332Jesus before the Sanhedrin26:57-68 26:57-6814:53-65[333b]
333aPeter's Denial26:69-75 26:69-7514:66-7222:54-62
333bJesus before the Sanhedrin [332][332]22:63-71
334Jesus Delivered to Pilate27:1-2 27:1-215:123:1
335The Death of Judas 27:3-10
336The Trial before Pilate27:11-14 27:11-1415:2-523:2-5
337-338HEROD AND PILATE 23:6-16
339Jesus or Barabbas27:15-23 27:15-18,20,22-2315:6-1423:17-23
341Pilate Delivers Jesus to be Crucified27:24-26 27:2615:1523:24-25
342Jesus Mocked by the Soldiers 27:27-3127:27-3115:16-20
343aThe Road to Golgotha27:32 27:3215:2123:26
343bDaughters of Jerusalem 23:27-32
344The Crucifixion27:33-37 27:33-3715:22-2623:33-34
345Jesus Derided on the Cross27:38-43 27:38-4215:27-3123:35-38
346The Two Thieves27:44 27:4415:3223:39-43
347The Death of Jesus27:45-54 27:45-51,5415:33-3923:44-48
348Witnesses of the Crucifixion27:55-56 27:55-5615:40-4123:49
350The Burial of Jesus27:57-61 27:57-6115:42-4723:50-56
351The Guard at the Tomb 27:62-66
352The Women at the Tomb 28:1-828:1-3,5-816:1-824:1-9
353-365RESURRECTION APPEARANCES 28:9-20[16:9-20]24:10-53